Skip to content


Your cart is empty

Article: De facto standard

De facto standard

Definition and Characteristics of De Facto Standards

  • A de facto standard is a custom or convention that has achieved dominance through public acceptance or market forces.
  • It is not necessarily ordained by law or officially established.
  • De facto standards contrast with formal standards defined by organizations like ISO or set out in law.
  • They are often used when there are multiple standards available for the same use.
  • De facto standards can be processed through the formal standardization system to become international standards.
  • De facto standards are standards that have been widely adopted and accepted by a majority of users.
  • They are not formally recognized or approved by any official standards organization.
  • De facto standards often emerge through market dominance or widespread usage.
  • These standards may arise due to technological superiority, convenience, or compatibility.
  • De facto standards can be found in various industries, such as technology, communication, and software.

Examples of De Facto Standards

  • Driver's seat side in a country starting as a user/industry preference and turning into a local tradition and traffic code.
  • QWERTY layout for typewriter and keyboard keys.
  • HTML as a markup language for creating webpage layouts.
  • PDF format becoming a de facto standard for printable documents.
  • AutoCAD DXF format for CAD drawings and fragments.
  • The QWERTY keyboard layout is a de facto standard for typewriters and computer keyboards.
  • The MP3 file format became a de facto standard for digital audio compression.
  • The HTTP protocol is a de facto standard for communication between web browsers and servers.
  • The Microsoft Windows operating system has become a de facto standard for personal computers.
  • The USB (Universal Serial Bus) interface is a de facto standard for connecting peripherals to computers.

Advantages of De Facto Standards

  • De facto standards often lead to interoperability and compatibility among different systems.
  • They can promote innovation and competition by providing a common platform for developers.
  • De facto standards are typically driven by market demand and user preferences.
  • They can be more flexible and adaptable compared to formal standards.
  • De facto standards can be established quickly and respond to emerging needs and technologies.

Disadvantages of De Facto Standards

  • Lack of formalization and standardization can lead to inconsistencies and compatibility issues.
  • De facto standards may create barriers to entry for new competitors and limit market competition.
  • They can result in vendor lock-in, where users become dependent on specific products or technologies.
  • De facto standards may lack transparency and accountability in terms of governance and decision-making.
  • The dominance of de facto standards can hinder diversity and innovation in the market.

Relationship between De Facto Standards and Formal Standards

  • De facto standards can influence the development and adoption of formal standards.
  • Formal standards can incorporate elements of successful de facto standards.
  • De facto standards can provide a testing ground for new technologies and ideas before formal standardization.
  • Formal standards can help address the limitations and challenges associated with de facto standards.
  • The relationship between de facto and formal standards is dynamic and can evolve over time.

De facto standard Data Sources

Reference URL
Knowledge Graph

Read more

De Grisogono

Ownership Changes and Partnerships In 2012, Gruosi gave up majority ownership in De Grisogono. The majority ownership was taken over by investors centered around Isabel dos Santos, daughter of Ango...

Read more

De facto

De facto in Jurisprudence and Technical Standards Jurisprudence refers to practices not defined by law. De facto standard is a dominant position achieved by tradition, enforcement, or market domin...

Read more