Skip to content


Your cart is empty

Article: Mining


History of Mining

  • Prehistory: Stone, clay, and metals used for early tools and weapons.
  • Ancient Egypt: Mining of malachite, expeditions for minerals and resources.
  • Ancient Greece and Rome: Silver mines of Laurium, marble quarries on Thassos.
  • Development of large-scale mining methods in ancient Rome.

Types of Mining

  • Underground mining: Conducted beneath the Earth's surface for minerals, metals, and ores.
  • Open-pit mining: Conducted on the Earth's surface, involves removing overburden.
  • Placer mining: Extraction of valuable minerals from alluvial deposits.
  • Mountaintop removal mining: Technique used to extract coal from mountain peaks.
  • Subsurface mining: Conducted beneath the Earth's surface for oil, gas, and minerals.

Environmental Impact of Mining

  • Deforestation: Clearing large areas of forests, loss of biodiversity and habitat destruction.
  • Water pollution: Contamination of water sources, impacts aquatic life and ecosystems.
  • Air pollution: Release of pollutants into the air, contributes to respiratory problems.
  • Soil degradation: Removal of topsoil and vegetation, erosion and loss of fertile soil.
  • Waste generation: Production of large amounts of waste materials, improper storage can lead to contamination.

Economic Impact of Mining

  • Job creation: Provides employment opportunities in mining and supporting industries.
  • Economic growth: Contributes to revenue generation, investment, and infrastructure development.
  • Resource dependence: Countries heavily reliant on mining face economic instability.

Technological Advancements in Mining

  • Use of water mills and black powder for crushing ore and blasting rock.
  • Establishment of mining academies and adoption of agricultural innovations.
  • Modern mining industry of large multinational corporations.
  • Mine development and life cycle: Steps from discovery to reclamation.
  • Mining techniques: Surface mining, underground mining, and less common methods.
  • Artisanal mining: Role of subsistence and small-scale miners in the industry.
  • Environmental and social impacts: Addressing peak minerals, waste management, and community development.

Mining Mentions

Mining Data Sources

Reference URL
Knowledge Graph

Read more


History and Advances in Mineralogy Early writing on mineralogy comes from ancient Babylonia, the ancient Greco-Roman world, ancient and medieval China, and Sanskrit texts from ancient India and th...

Read more

Mir mine

Discovery and Development: Diamond-bearing deposits discovered in 1955 by Soviet geologists during the Amakinsky Expedition. Traces of kimberlite, a volcanic rock associated with diamonds, found. S...

Read more