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Article: Diamond (gemstone)

Diamond (gemstone)

Introduction to Diamond

  • Diamond is a well-known and highly sought-after gemstone.
  • It has been used for decorative purposes since ancient times.
  • The hardness of diamond and its ability to disperse light make it useful for industrial applications and desirable for jewelry.
  • Diamonds are graded and certified based on the four Cs: color, cut, clarity, and carat.
  • Additional factors like fluorescence also impact the value of a diamond.

Industrial Applications of Diamond

  • Due to its hardness, diamond is used in various industrial applications.
  • It is used in cutting, grinding, and polishing tools for materials like stone, glass, and metals.
  • Diamond-coated tools are used in machining and drilling operations.
  • Diamond is used in electronics for its thermal conductivity and electrical insulation properties.
  • It is also used in high-pressure experiments and as a radiation detector.

Diamond in Jewelry

  • Diamonds are commonly used in engagement rings.
  • The tradition dates back to European aristocracy in the 15th century.
  • De Beers Consolidated Mines played a significant role in popularizing diamonds through advertising campaigns.
  • Diamonds became a symbol of status and an integral part of the betrothal process.
  • The high value of diamonds has led to unethical practices, such as the use of slave and child labor in mining conflict diamonds.

Rarity and Production of Diamonds

  • Gem-quality diamonds are relatively common compared to rare gemstones like alexandrite.
  • Annual global rough diamond production is estimated to be around 130 million carats (26 tonnes).
  • The value of diamonds is not solely derived from their rarity.
  • The scarcity of certain diamond varieties, such as fancy colored diamonds, can impact their value.
  • The diamond industry has implemented measures to control the supply and maintain prices.

Historical Significance of Diamonds

  • Diamonds have played a significant role in history and culture.
  • They have been associated with wealth, power, and beauty.
  • Famous diamonds, like the Hope Diamond, have become iconic symbols.
  • Diamonds have been used as currency and as a store of value.
  • The allure of diamonds continues to captivate people worldwide.

Diamond (gemstone) Mentions

Diamond (gemstone) Data Sources

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Knowledge Graph

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Diamond clarity

Importance and Factors of Diamond Clarity Clarity is one of the four Cs of diamond grading (along with carat, color, and cut) Inclusions and blemishes can affect the clarity of a diamond Clarity gr...

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Properties and Thermodynamics Diamond is a solid form of pure carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure. It has the highest hardness, thermal conductivity, and refractive index of any natural m...

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