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Article: Child


Definition of a Child

  • A child is typically defined as a person between birth and puberty.
  • Legally, a child is anyone below the age of majority or a specific age limit.
  • The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as someone below 18 years old.
  • Some countries have different age limits for defining a child, such as Singapore where it is under 14.
  • In U.S. Immigration Law, a child is someone under 21 years old.

Developmental Stages of Childhood

  • Early childhood follows infancy and includes the toddlerhood stage.
  • Early childhood lasts until around age 6 or 7.
  • Middle childhood begins at around age 6 and ends at around age 9 or 10.
  • Early and middle childhood are considered formative years.
  • Late childhood, also known as preadolescence, typically occurs between ages 9-12.

Early Childhood

  • Early childhood is a stage where children learn through observation, experimentation, and communication.
  • During this stage, a strong emotional bond is formed between the child and caregivers.
  • Children start preschool and kindergarten during early childhood.
  • Adults supervise and support the child's development process.
  • Autonomy and socialization are important aspects of early childhood.

Middle Childhood

  • Middle childhood starts around age 6 and ends around age 9 or 10.
  • Children develop socially and mentally during this stage.
  • School years begin in middle childhood, presenting new challenges and opportunities.
  • Mental disorders like autism, dyslexia, dyscalculia, and ADHD may become noticeable during this stage.
  • Children learn responsibility, social comparison, and engage in social play during middle childhood.

Late Childhood

  • Late childhood, or preadolescence, occurs before the major onset of puberty.
  • It is typically defined as ages 9-12.
  • Preadolescents have a more realistic view of life compared to younger children.
  • Challenges and anxieties arise during this stage.
  • Preadolescents have more mature and sensible thoughts.

Child Data Sources

Reference URL
Knowledge Graph

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