Alexander Calder and Ruth Asawa
- Alexander Calder developed the use of wire as a medium for sculpture.
- He created various wire sculptures including the Cirque Calder, Two Acrobats, Romulus and Remus, and Hercules and Lion.
- Calder started creating the Cirque Calder after making toys for a Serbian toy merchant in Paris.
- He had solo shows of wire sculptures at the Weyhe Gallery in New York City and Galerie Billiet in Paris.
- Calder believed wire sculpture had an important place in the history of art.
- Ruth Asawa gained prominence with her wire sculptures at the Whitney Museum of American Art and São Paulo Art Biennial.
- She learned to use wire from Josef Albers at Black Mountain College.
- Asawa experimented with crocheted wire sculptures inspired by techniques used to make baskets in Toluca, Mexico.
- She explored tied wire sculptures rooted in nature, geometry, and abstraction.
- Asawa emphasized the use of lines and transparency in her work.
- Brian Boyer creates wire trees using recycled copper/aluminum wire and mathematical formulas.
- Gavin Worth combines realistic images with 3D abstract forms, allowing the viewer to change the image by viewing it from different angles.
- Kue King sculpts wire using a woven additive technique and incorporates feathers.
- Elizabeth Berrien is considered the Godmother of Wire, inspiring emerging wire sculptors.
- Racso Jugarap's works focus on organic volume and fluidity, including wearable wire arts.
Wire sculpture jewelry
- Wire sculpture jewelry can be created using simple tools like pliers, pin vises, and wire cutters.
- Various decorative metals and cross-sections of wire can be used.
- Beads or gemstones can be integrated into the design.
- Beginners often start with less expensive craft wires like brass, copper, aluminum, or gold fill.
- Progression can be made to more expensive metals like sterling silver and 14k gold-filled wire.
- Precious metals like silver or gold are not cost-effective for beginners.
- Craft wires made from brass, copper, aluminum, or gold fill are commonly used.
- Artists gain experience with form and wire handling before using more expensive metals.
- 14k gold-filled wire contains a tube of 14k gold with jewelers brass in the middle.
- Gold-filled wire offers a range of colors and enables expansive jewelry designs.
Wire sculpture Data Sources