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Article: On Weights and Measures

On Weights and Measures

Background of 'On Weights and Measures'

  • Compiled in 392 AD in Constantia by Epiphanius of Salamis
  • Written at the request of a Persian priest, sent by the Roman emperor in Constantinople
  • Syriac version is the only complete copy that has survived
  • Partial translations in Armenian and Georgian also exist
  • Two manuscripts preserved at the British Museum in London

Synopsis of Part One

  • Dated 47 years after the destruction of Jerusalem
  • Epiphanius names four major translations of the Hebrew Bible
  • Description of the translation process by the seventy-two translators
  • Description of the canonical books of the Hebrew Bible
  • Books of Ruth and Judges were joined together, as well as Ezra and Nehemiah

Prominent Figures

  • Description of Aquila (Onkelos) and his relation to Hadrian
  • Description of Symmachus (Sūmkos) and his conversion to Judaism
  • Symmachus underwent a second circumcision and became a disciple of Rabbi Meir
  • Symmachus belonged to the fifth generation of Rabbinical teachers
  • Emperor Hadrian's journey through Palestine after the destruction of Jerusalem

Weights and Measures

  • Epiphanius provides a treatise on the known weights and measures
  • Equivalent weights for the denarius among the Hebrews
  • Distinction between different Hebrew terms for handfuls
  • Discussion of Hebrew, Greek, and Roman weights and measures
  • Detailed information on various measurements used in his time

Geography of Palestine, Asia Minor, and the Levant

  • Mention of several cities and places of renown
  • Mount Ararat, Aṭaṭ, and the threshing floor of the thorn bush
  • Description of Abarim, Aviʿazar, Carmel, Akko, Anathoth, Azekah, Bethel, Ophrah, Carthage, Rekem, Jaffa, Jerusalem, and more
  • List of Roman emperors from Constans to Honorius during Epiphanius' time
  • Differences in Epiphanius' regnal years compared to other sources

On Weights and Measures - Wikipedia Data Sources

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