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Article: Goldsmith


Characteristics and Properties of Gold

  • Gold is malleable, ductile, rare, and has a yellow color.
  • It can be melted, fused, and cast easily without oxide or gas issues.
  • Gold is a noble metal and does not react with most elements.
  • It is found in its native form and does not oxidize or tarnish.
  • Gold can be pressure welded and two small pieces can be pounded together to make a larger piece.

Historical Significance of Goldsmithing

  • Gold has been worked by humans in all cultures where it is available.
  • Superbly made gold objects from ancient cultures are displayed in museums worldwide.
  • The Varna culture in Bulgaria is credited with inventing goldsmithing.
  • Techniques developed by ancient goldsmiths surpassed modern skills.
  • Chemical techniques used by ancient artisans have not been reached in modern times.

Contemporary Goldsmithing

  • A goldsmith possesses a wide array of skills and knowledge.
  • Gold is often alloyed with other metals to make it stronger and create different colors.
  • Various tools and machinery are used, such as rolling mills and drawplates.
  • Parts are fabricated through different processes and assembled by soldering.
  • Goldsmiths can work with precision approaching that of machinery using hand tools.

Notable Goldsmiths

  • There are notable goldsmiths throughout history.
  • Goldsmiths played important roles in medieval guilds and acted as bankers.
  • The Sunar caste in India has a long history of goldsmithing.
  • Engraving techniques were developed by goldsmiths in Germany.
  • Goldsmiths achieved high levels of skill and craftsmanship.

Early Gold-working Centers and Artifacts

  • The first major gold-working center was located at the mouth of the Danube, on the shores of the Black Sea in Bulgaria.
  • The oldest known gold jewelry in the world, over 6,000 years old, was found in Varna Necropolis, Bulgaria.
  • The jewelry from Varna Necropolis is radiocarbon dated between 4,600 BC and 4,200 BC.
  • Grave 43 at the Varna cemetery is the richest single grave from Old Europe.
  • The grave from Varna cemetery is dated around 4600–4500 BC.
  • Ancient technology for metal coatings, including gold, was highly advanced.
  • The ancient gold-plating methods from 2,000 years ago cannot be matched today.
  • The Kalogjera family from Blato on the Island of Korčula had a goldsmith's book.
  • Goldsmithing has a long history dating back thousands of years.
  • Gold artifacts provide valuable insights into ancient cultures.

Goldsmith Data Sources

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